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How to Tell If You Have Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is becoming increasingly common in the United States, United Kingdom, and other parts of the world. Its symptoms and pattern of transmission is very similar to those of gonorrhea. The disease is caused by a tiny bacterium known as chlamydia trachomatis. It is branded as “The Silent Infection” because it has very few observable symptoms. Individuals affected usually don’t encounter any outward symptoms which can cause serious effects if left untreated.

Since they aren’t aware that they’ve been infected, it increases their risk of major health problems. The infection could be experienced by both men and women. It is believed that 25%-50% of male chlamydia infections are completely unnoticed. On the other hand, women can seriously damage their reproductive organs which in the worst cases can cause infertility. The infection could also be damaging to the throat, lungs, and eyes.

Generally, symptoms in men are random and infrequent but there are a still a few which can help you recognize if you’ve been infected. The earliest sign is you find having white, cloudy, or watery discharge from the tip of your penis. You may also feel discomfort, pain, or a burning sensation whenever you urinate. Pain, inflammation, and tenderness around the testicles is also a common symptom. They usually appear in a span of one to three weeks from your initial exposure. It is important to know that chlamydia in men can also occur in the eyes, nose, and rectum. You may feel rectal pain, see some discharge and bleeding. You may also get throat infection. Male infertility caused by chlamydia is often underestimated. It can cause damage to the sperm and scarring of the reproductive tract, which can lead men to be permanently infertile.

There are also a few common symptoms for women. Some of them are bleeding in between periods, abnormal vaginal discharge, pain while having sex, abdominal pain, difficulty in urinating, and a burning feeling around the vagina. In some women, the disease can also spread to the Fallopian tubes which causes the condition called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). This is a very high risk condition which should be taken seriously. The most common PID symptoms are severe pelvic pain, fever, abnormal bleeding between periods, and nausea. It is also possible to get the infection in your anus. When you have oral sex with someone who is infected, you may get throat infections as well.

The most effective diagnostic for the disease is to swab the vagina for women and to test urine for men. If the infection is found in your throat or anus, they will also be swabbed by the doctor. Chlamydia is fairly easy to be treated. Because it’s bacterial in nature, it can be treated with antibiotics. Azithromycin is one of the most prescribed antibiotic which is taken in a single or large dose, depending on the severity of the infection. There is also Doxycycline which must be taken for about a week. It is highly recommended to abstain from sexual intercourse while you’re being treated to make sure that the disease will be fully eradicated.


The world of orthodontics has changed dramatically over the last decade and this article deals with another major innovation. David Cashel, an invisalign practitioner in Glasgow tells us more in the following informative piece :

Everyone wants to be able to show the world a confident, bright smile.  Many people, however, feel insecure about their smile and wish their teeth were a bit straighter or healthier looking.  If this is the case for you, orthodontic treatment may be the solution to your problems.  When most of us here the word “orthodontist”, we think of the bulky metal braces children often wear, but there’s another treatment that can help address misaligned teeth without the discomfort or embarrassment of braces at approximately the same cost called Invisalign.

What is Invisalign

Invisalign treatment corrects teeth in a similar way to braces through clear Invisalign aligners that apply slight adjustments in increments.  Unlike braces which are cemented or bonded to teeth as metal or clear braces, aligners are made of nearly invisible polyurethane plastic that can be removed.  This removable function makes it possible to take them out for important social occasions, while eating, and for brushing and flossing teeth.

Benefits of Invisalign Treatment

Wearing braces can be embarrassing as a child, but even more so as an adult.  With the discreet look of Invisalign, your orthodontic treatment remains private and won’t effect your current image.  The aligners used are less sensitive than traditional metal wire and braces, meaning you won’t have to restrict your diet to protect metalwork.  Removable aligners also offer improved oral hygiene since it’s easy to clean your teeth.  They also provide a double function as a nightguard, protecting teeth from grinding or clenching habits.  Finally, Invisalign aligners are also made out of a soft, flexible material so they are comfortable to wear and won’t irritate soft tissues in the mouth.

The Invisalign Process

Invisalign clear aligners do the same job as braces, but instead of making adjustments to metalwork, you are given a new set of aligners in set intervals.  Aligners are created through specialized computer software that measures the exact amount of controlled force that will be needed to move your teeth into a better position to give you the best possible alignment.  Here’s how the Invisalign process works.

Consultation with Invisalign Provider

The first step in beginning any treatment is to schedule a consultation with and certified provider of Invisalign treatment.  During this initial consultation, the dentist or orthodontist will determine whether you’re a good candidate for the treatment.  Invisalign works very well for most teens and adults, but is not suitable for children whose teeth are still growing significantly.  This consultation is also your chance to ask any questions about the treatment.

Creation of a Customized Invisalign Treatment

Once you’ve been determined as a good candidate for Invisalign, the treatment process begins with the doctor creating a customized treatment plan for you.  This will involve taking x-rays, pictures, bite registrations, and impressions of your teeth, which are then used to build a digital 3-D image through a specialized computer software.  Using these images, the doctor can then create an exact treatment plan with incremental movements as well as estimate an approximate timeframe.  The doctor will also be able to show you a virtual representation of all stages of the process and the final result.  Though cases vary with every individual, typically most adults will follow a treatment plan that lasts roughly a year while adjustments for teens are comparable to traditional braces.

Receive Custom Aligners and Wear in Two Week Intervals

After the treatment plan has been set, you’ll be given a series of custom-made, clear aligners.  The time it takes to get aligners made varies, but it will usually be anywhere from 3-6 weeks after your virtual treatment plan has been created.

The aligners are made out of smooth, comfortable, BPA-free plastic so they won’t irritate your cheeks or gums and are virtually invisible when being worn.  While you can take the aligners out for cleaning teeth and eating, to get the best results, you should keep the aligners on your teeth for 20 to 22 hours every day throughout your treatment period.  Approximately every two weeks, you’ll switch to a new set of aligners that bring you into the next stage of treatment.  Over the course of your Invisalign treatment you’ll also come in for an occasional checkup so the doctor can monitor progress, roughly every six weeks or so.

Reveal the New Smile

Once you’ve worked your way through all of your Invisalign aligners, the treatment is finished.  Over the course of a year or so, your teeth will have realigned themselves to a better position so that you can reveal a newer, straighter, and healthier smile.  To keep your new smile intact, the doctor can create a retainer that uses the same Invisalign technology to lock in the changes.  Teeth can sometimes shift back after treatment so you’ll want to take the steps to protect your new smile.


Orthodontist or Dentist? Do you know the difference?

It never surprises me that people don’t often know the difference between a dentist and an orthodontist. Instead of giving a resume of other their specialism, it is either to explain by way of an example

Have you ever noticed that even the most happy-go-luck people sometimes hide their mouth when they smile? The reason is generally that they are embarrassed of their crocked teeth (they could also be eating at the time to be fair).

If it is the former then it is time to see an orthodontist. Orthodontists are specialist dentists with advanced training in altering the position of teeth, generally to produce a straight smile. So if you have ever thought that your teeth are a little wonky or you want a better smile then see an orthodontist. Here’s what you should know if you’re considering getting orthodontic work done.

What Do Orthodontists Do?

The primary reason that people and predominantly children see an orthodontist is to correct a malocclusion, or a “bad bite.” They address this issue by straightening the teeth and therefore your bite together with your jaws. To do this they generally use braces or retainers.  If your dentist is not a registered orthodontist then the chances are they will refer you to a specialist.

When to Go to an Orthodontist

The rule of thumb is that ideally children should see an orthodontist no later than age 7, even if there is no problems. That’s because the jaw is still developing and it’s best to catch issues early. For adults, there is no minimum or indeed, maximum age – it’s just when you decide you want to do something about it!

Choosing an Orthodontist

The best place is to start is to ask your dentist to find out if they are an orthodontist. If not then ask them to recommend one. Before visiting, do your research particularly on social media to see what others have said about the orthodontists you are considering.

Consultation First

Once you have short listed two or three, then see if they offer free or low-cost consultations. This will not only allow you to see the practice, but also see if their personality is right for you. Remember some orthodontic treatments can take well over a year depending on your treatment plan.

Finally, get a full quotation for the work being undertaken so you are fully aware of the financial commitment